A top Democratic senator is renewing his effort to rein a president’s authority to deploy the military inside the United States. Senator Richard Blumenthal (D-Conn.), a senior member of the Homeland, Armed Services and Judiciary committees, told POLITICO he is seeking Republicans and Democrats to join his latest effort to overhaul the law involving deployments inside the U.S., known as the Insurrection Act.
The law, enacted in 1792, grants the president the
authority to deploy the military domestically and use it against Americans to
suppress rebellion or violence. But Blumenthal and other critics argue that it
is overly broad and ripe for abuse.
“Ideally, there would be interest on the Republican
side because the potential for abuse really ought to concern all of us,
regardless of who was president,” Blumenthal said.
Donald Trump’s back-to-back wins in Iowa and New Hampshire
have tightened his grip on the Republican Party’s presidential nomination,
prompting worried lawmakers and foreign governments to devise plans to prepare for and
protect against more upheaval.
The renewed push comes after Trump told an Iowa audience that he considered, but held
back from, deploying the military to inner cities to fight crime. He also
called New York City and Chicago “crime dens.”
“And one of the other things I’ll do — because
you’re supposed to not be involved in that — you just have to be asked by the
governor or the mayor to come in. The next time, I’m not waiting,” Trump said
in November. “One of the things I did was let them run it, and we’re going to
show how bad a job they do. Well, we did that. We don’t have to wait any
Blumenthal tried to sharpen the law once before in 2020,
following Trump’s threats to use troops amid civil rights protests across the
U.S. following the police killing of George Floyd. At the time, progressive
Reps. Pramila Jayapal (D-Wash.), Mark Pocan (D-Wis.)
and Ilhan Omar (D-Minn.), introduced a companion bill, which
attracted 25 cosponsors but never made it onto the House floor. In 2020, the
Democratic-controlled House added a modified version to the annual defense
policy bill, but the Republican-controlled Senate and the final bill did not.
Whether Democrats in the House will revive their
push alongside Blumenthal this time is unclear, but the measure would have
better chances in the Democratic-controlled Senate than in the
Blumenthal said he is drafting a new version
of his legislation that would amend the law to more clearly define
what an insurrection is and the circumstances under which the president can use
force, though he did not offer specifics. It would also grant local officials
standing in the courts to have the emergency lifted at some point after the act
Under the law now, a president may deploy troops to
“suppress rebellion” whenever “unlawful obstructions, combinations, or
assemblages, or rebellion” make it “impracticable” to enforce federal law in
that state by the “ordinary course of judicial proceedings.”
It also allows a president to send the military to
suppress “any insurrection, domestic violence, unlawful combination, or
conspiracy” in a state that “opposes or obstructs the execution of the laws of
the United States or impedes the course of justice under those laws.”
Presidents Dwight D. Eisenhower and John F. Kennedy relied on that language to
enforce the Brown v. Board of Education desegregation case.
This isn’t the only legislation coming ahead of a
potential Trump presidency that appears designed to rein him in. As part of
the fiscal 2024 Pentagon policy bill, Congress approved bipartisan
legislation that would prevent any president from withdrawing the United States
from NATO without approval from the Senate or an act of Congress.
The measure, from Sens. Tim Kaine (D-Va.)
and Marco Rubio (R-Fla.), protects an alliance that was a frequent
target for Trump. The former president has reportedly been discussing the possibility of
withdrawing the U.S. from NATO, if elected.
Blumenthal said he hopes to introduce the proposed
changes to the Insurrection Act in the coming weeks as a stand-alone bill. At
some point, he could attempt to add it to the next annual Pentagon policy bill.
“President Trump has in fact talked about sending
troops into cities where he regards the police as being inadequate — in effect,
potentially declaring martial law,” Blumenthal said, “so I think there needs to
be stronger oversight.”
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